The 7 Most Common Types of Mental Disorders and their Symptoms -

The 7 Most Common Types of Mental Disorders and their Symptoms

Mental disorders, in fact, have an undeniable impact on a person’s mental health because they can impair a person’s overall ability, change his behavior, make him unable to control his emotions and personal thoughts, and prevent him from integrating with his family and society.

As a result, if you are interested in learning about the most common psychological disorders and their associated symptoms, read on to the end because through this article we will take a comprehensive look at the different types of mental disorders that can have an impact on a person’s mental health.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mental condition that affects a person’s mood and psyche significantly.

It should be noted that this type of mental disorder includes two types of episodes: depressive and manic, knowing that each of them has its own symptoms.

Manic episodes, for example, are associated with the following symptoms:

  • Feeling of not needing to sleep.
  • Unusual chatter
  • Ideas rush
  • Feeling cheerful, good mood, irritable and sensitive at the same time.

While the following are some of the symptoms of depressive episodes:

  • Not having an interest in doing anything.
  • Feeling sad, anxious, empty, and hopeless about everything.
  • Feelings of hesitation and inability to focus…
  • Recurrent thoughts of death, self-destruction, or self-destructive behaviors…
  • Loss of self-confidence, loss of self-esteem…
  • Self-criticism without any reason

Personality Disorders

It cannot be denied that personality disorder is also one of the most common mental disorders among many people.

A personality disorder is a type of mental disorder in which a person exhibits unusual personal behavior and thinks in a different way.

Patients with this mental disorder have a hard time changing their behavior or adapting to new situations, and they may have trouble understanding and dealing with people and situations.

Important note: It should be noted that personality disorders also include many types, each with specific criteria and different features. For example, we find that there are antisocial personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, paranoid personality disorder, etc.

Common symptoms associated with personality disorders include:

  • Difficulty concentrating.
  • Disturbed motor behavior.
  • Hallucinations.
  • Irregular thinking and speaking.

Mental anxiety disorders

We all know that feeling anxious is a normal feeling that anyone, big or small, can feel.

But people with anxiety disorders often experience abnormally excessive and exaggerated anxiety for no apparent reason.

A person suffering from this psychological disorder, for example, finds himself always expecting the worst and unable to stop worrying about his health, money, family, work, or studies.

The following are some of the physical and psychological symptoms of mental anxiety disorders:

  • Inability to dismiss your fears or let go of your anxiety.
  • Inability to relax, feeling restless, feeling tense or nervous.
  • Consider situations and events as a threat, even if they aren’t true
  • Difficulty dealing with doubt
  • Fatigue
  • difficulty sleeping
  • Muscle tension or muscle aches
  • Shivering, feeling shivering
  • Nervousness or easily startled
  • Sweating

Psychotic Disorders

Psychotic disorders are also classified as psychological disorders because they cause the sick person to have abnormal thoughts and perceptions that cause him to lose contact with reality.

That is, the patient may be convinced by false beliefs and refuse to change his mind despite evidence to the contrary, and may hear voices or imagine seeing things that are not there.

This is a condition in which a person has hallucinations, schizophrenia, and delusions.

The following are the main symptoms of psychotic disorders:

  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Not communicating with others and staying away from them.
  • Having depression.
  • Constant anxiety and stress.
  • Not paying attention to personal hygiene.
  • Lack of facial expressions in different situations.
  • Having delusions caused by abnormal thinking, such as believing he possesses a superpower, etc.
  • Auditory and visual hallucinations, as the patient may be talking to someone who is not there.

Eating Disorders

An eating disorder is a mental disorder defined as abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person’s physical or psychological health.

It should be noted that the most common eating disorders include binge eating disorder where people eat a large amount in a short period of time, anorexia nervosa where people eat too little and therefore have a lower body weight than usual, and bulimia nervosa where people eat a lot and then they try to get rid of food…

Anxiety and depression disorders caused by poor mental health are often considered to be the most common reasons why people suffer from eating disorders.

Here are the symptoms associated with different eating disorders:

  • Eat quickly.
  • The patient ate large amounts of food until he was not hungry.
  • Eating in isolation.
  • Feeling disgusted, sick, depressed, or guilty after overeating.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

This disorder develops after a person has been exposed to a specific trauma, such as a natural disaster, war, sexual or physical assault, the unexpected death of a loved one, or any other trauma.

People with PTSD usually experience a strong sense of danger, and severe distress symptoms such as feeling nervous or afraid, even in safe situations, bringing back all the bad memories, having nightmares, trouble sleeping, or other symptoms.

Important note: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the most common mental disorders that can affect anyone at any age.

Among the most common symptoms that a patient with PTSD may face are:

  • Changing mood
  • Reactions change
  • Forgetting
  • The patient recollection of his or her traumatic experience, by recalling flashbacks, nightmares, or traumatic memories.

Impulse control disorders

Impulse control disorders are part of obsessive-compulsive disorders, a group of mental disorders in which individuals are unable to control things that could harm them or those around them.

This group of disorders includes the following: conduct disorder, intermittent emotional disorder (characterized by outbursts of intense anger and uncontrolled violence), lack of focus and hyperactivity, kleptomania, arson mania, violent acts…

It should be noted that a person with impulse control disorder frequently experiences intense excitement or tension prior to engaging in addictive behavior, followed by a sense of happiness, satiety, or even liberation.

These symptoms are frequently associated with this type of mental disorder, and they usually last less than 30 minutes.

  • Anger
  • Irritability
  • Energy boost
  • Ideas rush
  • Shiver
  • Flickering
  • Sadness